KNOCKOUT

Concours’16, a sports fest was held at DAIICT, Gandhinagar. Our V.V.P college’s Boys Cricket team, Girls Football team and Boys Volleyball team participated in it.

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Football Team                                                 Cricket Team in Action

The boys’ Cricket team played against Navrachna College, Baroda at Sports Authority of India (SAI) ground.The match lasted of 15 overs. The girls’ Football match was against MICA, Ahmedabad. The match was 9-a-side. While the Volleyball boys’ played against UTU, Surat. And students also competed in Chess and Carom games. Participation in the fest was from well known colleges of Gujarat.

The fest was well organised by the students of DAIICT. The fest continued for four days with other On The Spot games like dodge ball, 3 v 3 volleyball, 3 v 3 basketball, tic-tac-toe, tug of war, badminton, and lot more. These games started from 11:00 pm and continued till 3:00 am.

Well, one must go for it next year. It was a great exposure and it’s worth visiting.

-Nikita Chhatbar

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Sigiriya – Sri Lanka

img-20161115-wa0002Sigiriya (Lion’s rock) is an ancient rock fortress and palace ruin situated in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures. A popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also renowned for its ancient paintings (frescos) or wet plaster paintings, which are reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves of India. The Sigiriya was built during the reign of King Kashyapa (AD 477 – 495), and it is one of the seven World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka.

Sigiriya is considered one of the most important urban planning sites of the first millennium, and the site plan is considered very elaborate and imaginative. The plan combined concepts of symmetry and asymmetry to intentionally interlock the man-made geometrical and natural forms of the surroundings. On the west side of the rock lies a park for the royals, laid out on a symmetrical plan; the park contains water retaining structures, including sophisticated surface/subsurface hydraulic systems, some of which are working even today.

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Among the most important features of Sigiriya the Frescos are well known. These have been featured in many tourism information literature and other books dealing with Sri Lankan heritage. These frescos are seen on the western side of the rock. According to an inscription found here there were 500 paintings. However, only about 34 paintings have been preserved to this date. Almost all the paintings feature beautiful ladies, most of them with bare breasts accompanied by several companions carrying flower baskets.

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The Mirror Wall and spiral stairs leading to the frescoes.

Originally this wall was so highly polished that the king could see himself whilst he walked alongside it. Made of brick masonry wall and covered in highly polished white plaster, the wall is now partially covered with verses scribbled by visitors to the rock. The mirror wall has verses dating from as early as the 8th century. People of all types wrote on the wall, on varying subjects such as love, irony, and experiences of all sorts. Further writing on the mirror wall now has been banned for the protection of old writings of the wall.

Dr Senerath Paranavithana, an eminent Sri Lankan archaeologist, deciphered 685 verses written in the 8th, 9th and 10th centuries CE on the mirror wall.

One such poem, roughly translated, in Sinhala is:

“I am Budal [the writer’s name]. Came with hundreds of people to see Sigiriya. Since all the others wrote poems, I did not!”. He has left an important record that Sigiriya was visited by people beginning а very long time ago.

When you arrive to Sri Lanka. Do not forget to visit this place.

-Pubudu Channa

 

 

 

Noodles! Review : a puzzle game

Noodles!  is the kind of game that can completely baffle us for minutes at a time. And, then one second later, the entire puzzle reveals itself. It’s never easy but the overwhelming sense of accomplishment we get when we solve a puzzle makes it all worth it.

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Concept

The concept of the game is quite simple. All the pipes have to be joined in a way that no open ends remain. The pipes join in multiple ways, making it difficult to determine its exact position.

Design

The game follows the minimalist ideology of simple lines, very few colors (only two per screen) and a flat look. There is no music, but each time you rotate a pipe, a chime plays. If you rotate the same pipe more than once, it will chime different notes.

Game play

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The game has different playing options like the 5×5, 7×7, 7×10 and 8×8 with either rotating pipes or tiles. The goal of the game is to connect all the pipes together. It is easy with the 5×5 tiles but then gets difficult and challenging when there are a dozen of interlocking pieces.

The pipes have pieces that are open-ended and need to be joined with the t-pieces or close-ended pieces to complete the puzzle. Even curved pieces are present to join the pieces. All of these pipe pieces need to be used to finish the puzzle.

The tile-based game is made up of a grid with hexagons (the developers want us to know that no heptagons were ever used in this game because heptagons suck). Similar to the pipes, these tiles are rotated whenever you tap them. Tiles can have multiple connectors and some are end caps. The main difference between the two puzzles is that the tiles have more rotation options than the pipes.

The Good

This game tantalizes my senses. It challenges the brain because when I think I have nailed it, one of the pipes remains unconnected.

The Bad

The only problem with this game is, there are no hints available. Once stuck it takes a lot of time solving the puzzle.

The Value

The game costs Rupees 120 but is worth the value as there are no in-app purchases and comes ad free.

Conclusion

Personally one of my favorite game in recent times. If you like games like Pipe Mania then Noodles! surely entice you. It is available for iPhone, iPad, iPod touch.

Given below is the link

https://itunes.apple.com/in/app/noodles!/id967624193?mt=8

-Shivani Shah

LINUX OS – The Geeky OS

Till date, Windows is the most popular operating system in the world and widely used by computer users. From all the versions provided by Microsoft, Windows 7 is most stable, compatible, and easy to use. More than half of the market uses windows 7 followed by Windows XP. Windows 10 contains improved graphics and new features which were absent in previous versions. It has also gained popularity in tablets and traditional PCs. Other than Windows, Mac OS is not used much in the market as it is designed for Mac computers only. But it is considered as most beautifully crafted OS among all.

Computer Geeks
Computer Geeks are mostly fond of LINUX OS. Linux is considered as most reliable and secured, so it has strong focus on process management, system security and uptime. Linux too provides bundles of free software programs just like windows. LINUX is open source so developers easily identify bugs and repair vulnerabilities.

Server Side Data Handling
LINUX is widely used by the companies which handles data of millions of users. Companies like Google, Facebook, Twitter, NASA, etc. Reasons for popularity of LINUX OS:

1) Stability
First reason, why LINUX systems are well known for server side handling, is the stability. LINUX users have never experienced system CRASH while handling such big amount of data. LINUX can easily handle large number of processes running simultaneously. Another reason why LINUX is having better stability than windows is: Windows servers needs to be de-fragmented often, in order to work quickly whereas LINUX will keep the servers running efficiently and quickly without de-fragmentation.

2) Security
Linux from the beginning, was developed in such a way that only administrator or root user can have access to kernel and other privileges, due to this modularity is maintained. This system is least affected by malware and other DDoS attacks, so it is considered as least exploited in the world of OS.

3) Command Line
Linux Command Line can do most of the things you want to work with linux OS, provided you should have knowledge of commands to be executed.

4) Performance
Microsoft’s Windows 10 can be called many things but ‘high speed performance’ and ‘light-weight’ is not one of them. Because of too many updates, it can be quickly outdated if not maintained. Whereas LINUX is far more better and quicker, it doesn’t require that many updates.

If you’ve got patience to adapt new system, you should go for LINUX.
Following LINUX flavors are most popular ones:

» Ubuntu:
    It is advisable when users are switching directly from OS X and Windows.

» Linux Mint
    For the first time users and for users who are willing to make system work out-of-the-box.

» openSUSE
    Users who wants reliable and system with greater support.

» Debian
    Users who wants to avoid too many updates of applications and want to prefer secure system.

Those who are constantly facing problems of malware attacks, viruses, crashes in system and other slowdowns could use LINUX.

– Karan Kharecha

India’s Tour De Force

Year 2016 is about to end and it’s been a year full of happenings and new achievements.

We Indians are great cricket lovers and tend not to miss any kind of recent updates like currently India’s ranked first in Tests or anything that is related to it. Since the trend is changing with time, the crazy of kabaddi, football and other games are taking a higher leap and scopes are getting better and brighter. We witnessed how India consecutively third time won the Kabaddi World Cup this year. Also in Hockey, Indian men’s team defeated Pakistan in Malaysia and Indian women’s team defeated China in Singapore to win Asian Champions Trophy. There have been a lot of competitions in the last month. Results of some of them are mentioned below. Continue reading in order to catch up.

Golf:

Golfer Aditi Ashok has become the first Indian to win a Ladies European Tour event, clinching the Hero Women’s Indian Open in Gurgaon on 13th Nov. After winning the $400,000 tournament, Aditi is in the reckoning for the Tour’s ‘Rookie Player of the Year’ award. She is the only golfer to have represented India at the Olympics, after participating in Rio.

Hockey:

Indian hockey captain PR Sreejesh has been nominated for the International Hockey Federation’s (FIH) goalkeeper of the year award. The nominations also include 20-year-old defender Harmanpreet Singh in the ‘Rising star of the year’ category. Winners will be decided through a public online vote and a peer vote from international athletes, with results being declared in January.

Also Hockey India president Narinder Batra has been elected as the president of the International Hockey Federation on 12th Nov, becoming the first Indian to head the world body. Batra became one of few Indian sports administrators to lead a world sporting body, joining the likes of Jagmohan Dalmiya and N Ramachandran, who have headed the world cricket and squash bodies respectively.

Carrom:

India’s women’s carrom team defeated Sri Lanka to win the gold at the 7th World Carrom Championship in UK on 11th Nov. India’s S Apoorwa and Kajol Kumari also won gold in the women’s doubles event. Meanwhile, the men’s team lost to Sri Lanka to win the silver medal in the competition.

Kickboxing:

Tajamul Islam, an eight-year-old girl from Kashmir, has won the gold medal at the under-8 World Kickboxing Championship in Italy. Tajamul won six games in five days and defeated an American opponent to clinch the gold at the 90-nation tournament. She qualified for the event after winning gold in the sub-junior category at the 2015 National Kickboxing Championship in Delhi.

Wushu:

The Indian wushu team bagged five medals, including four silver and one bronze, in the eighth Sanda World Cup held in China’s Xi’an from November 4 to 6. India was represented by five players at the event, which witnessed participation from 80 of the best Sanda players of 2015’s World Wushu Championship.

Karate:

Tashvi Menghi, a 12-year-old who learned karate for self-defense, won the bronze medal at the 2016 edition of the World Martial Arts Games held in South Africa in October. Tashvi’s bronze helped India finish with 10 medals at the event, which saw participation from 76 nations. Notably, Tashvi later became one of India’s youngest National Award nominees.

Chess:

Indian chess Grandmaster P Harikrishna entered the World Chess Federation’s top 10 rankings as per the latest rating list. The 30-year-old, ranked 10th with 2768 points, joins Viswanathan Anand who is on the seventh position with 2,779 points. Notably, it is the first time in Indian chess history that two players feature in the world’s top 10 rankings.

Aakanksha Hagawane won the girls’ U-16 title at the World Youth Chess Championships in Russia. The 15-year-old, who won gold in the U-16 Commonwealth Championships earlier this year, finished with nine points from 11 games, winning eight matches, losing one and drawing two. Aakanksha, a wholesale vegetable seller’s daughter, has been trained by a former national player.

Swimming:

Assam’s Bastab Tapan Bordoloi won five golds in the recently concluded South Asian Aquatic Championship in Sri Lanka. The 15-year-old competed in six events, winning individual golds in 50-metre butterfly and 50-metre freestyle, and team medals in three relays, besides a silver in 100-metre butterfly. The event featured participants from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Wrestling:

India won 29 medals, including 13 golds, at the Commonwealth Wrestling Championships in Singapore on 12th Nov. Among the gold medalists were Rio Olympian Sandeep Tomar, who won the men’s 57 kg freestyle event, Satyawart Kadian in 97 kg and Amit Dhankar in 70 kg. India’s female gold winners included Ritu Phogat in 48 kg and Reshma Mane in 63 kg.

Rowing:

Indian rowers won 12 medals– five silver and seven bronze, at the recently-concluded Asian Indoor Rowing Championship and Asian Junior Rowing Championship in Thailand. Punjab’s Navneet Kaur and Haryana’s Maheshwar won individual bronze medals in the junior championship. In the indoor championship, India won silver in the lightweight women’s doubles and the mixed fours event.

-Karnavee Kamdar

Source: https://www.inshorts.com/en/read/sports

Emma Stone’s La La Land

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Emma Stone is an American actress, born and raised in Scottsdale, Arizona. She started her career with her first role in a play named The Wind In The Willows (2000). Her debut film was Superbad (2007) followed by Zombieland, Crazy Stupid Love, The Amazing Spider-Man and its sequel, Birdman and more.

Emma’s career will have great change with her upcoming movie La La Land written and directed by Damien Chazelle with co-star Ryan Gosling. It will be released on December 9, 2016. The movie’s ratings are 8.6/10. Emma and Ryan have already worked opposite each other in Crazy Stupid Love and Gangster Squad. La La Land is a type of movie that studios used to make but they don’t anymore. It is an American romantic musical comedy-drama film. The film tells the story of an aspiring actress Mia (Emma Stone) and a jazz-pianist Sebestian (Ryan Gosling). Mia serves lattes to movie stars in between auditions and Sebestian scrapes by playing cocktail party gigs in bars. Then they meet each other and fall in love in Los Angeles. But as success mounts they are faced with decisions that begin to fray the fragile fabric of their love affair, and the dreams they worked so hard to maintain in each other threaten to rip them apart.

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La La Land movie had its world premiere at Venice Film Festival on August 31, 2016 and it received positive reviews. The film was also screened at Telluride Film Festival, Toronto Film Festival, BFI London Film Festival and Virginia Film Festival. The film received Grolsch People’s Choice Awards at Toronto International Film Festival (tiff). Emma won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the 73rd Venice Film Festival for her starring role in the film. Emma owns the screen. She’s the beating heart of the movie.

Emma has won 29 awards out of 85 nominations. She was nominated for the Oscars Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Birdman (2014). She was also nominated for British Academy Film Awards and Golden Globe Awards. She has won an MTV Movie Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, a People’s Choice Award, and three Teen Choice Awards. Her movie, The Amazing Spider-Man, was a commercial success and was the seventh highest grossing film of 2012.

For now, it seems La La Land movie is going to be in the Oscar races for Best Picture, Director, Actor, Actress and many more. Hollywood and all America will soon go wild for La La Land. It’s going to be huge.

-Nikita Chhatbar

“The Poem of Life”

Life is not static-its dynamic,

it is not a fistful of water in

the pond but a bucketful of

ocean.

Life is not just a dry leaf detached

but a million buds still to grow.

Life is not just a window open,

but a butterfly flying into and

flatter by your side.

 

Learn from life,

And it would never be just enough.

Cheers!

– Aishwarya Pillai

#MASTERSTROKE

On Tuesday, 8th November 2016, in an unscheduled live televised address to the nation at 8:15 pm, Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a 40 minute long speech announced the demonetization of existing notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 with immediate effect. In the announcement, Mr. Modi declared circulation of all 500 and 1000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series as invalid from 8th November 2016 midnight. He further announced the issuance of new 500 and 2000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi New Series in exchange for the old bank notes effective from 9th November 2016. Mr. Prime Minister announced that the notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 “will not be legal tender from midnight tonight” and these will be “just worthless pieces of paper. PM also urged people to ‘join this Mahayagna against the ills of corruption.

What is demonetization of currency?

Demonetization for us means that Reserve Bank of India has withdrawn the old Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes as an official mode of payment. According to Investopedia, demonetization is the act of stripping a currency unit of its status as legal tender. Demonetization is necessary whenever there is a change of National Currency. The old unit of currency must be retired and replaced with a new currency unit.

Similar measures have been taken in the past. In January 1946, currency notes of 1000 and 10,000 rupees were withdrawn and new notes of 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupees were introduced in 1954. Notes of 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupees were again demonetized on 16 January 1978 as a means to curb forgery and black money.

A recent example of demonetization occurred when the nations of the European Monetary Union adopted the euro. In order to switch to the euro, authorities first fixed exchange rates for the varied national currencies into Euros. When the euro was introduced, the old national currencies were demonetized. However, the old currencies remained convertible into Euros for a while so that a smooth transition through demonetization would be assured.

What was the reason?

The reasoning given by Modi was:

1) To tackle black money in the economy.

2) To lower the cash circulation in the country which “is directly related to corruption in our

Country”, according to PM Modi.

3) To eliminate fake currency and dodgy funds which have been used by terror groups to fund

terrorism in India.

4) The move is estimated to scoop out more than more than  Rs 5 lakh Crore black money from

the economy, according to Baba Ramdev, a staunch Modi supporter.

After the official announcement by Prime Minister Modi, the Governor of the Reserve Bank of IndiaUrjit Patel and Economic Affairs secretary, Shaktikanta Das explained in a press conference that while the supply of notes of all denomination were increased by 40% between 2011 and 2016, the 500 and 1000 banknotes increased by 76% and 109% respectively in this period owing to counterfeit money. This was then used to fund terrorist activities against India. As a result the step of eliminating the notes was taken.

Patel also informed that the decision was made about six months ago and printing of new currency notes of denomination 500 and 2000 had already been started. However, only the top members of the government, security agencies and the central bank were aware of the move

Reactions:

  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitleysaid that demonetisation would clean the complete economic system, increase the size of economy and revenue base
  • CM of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee called the new declaration as “drama”
  • Indian National Congress spokesperson Randeep Surjewala welcomed the move but remained sceptical on the consequences that would follow
  • Former World Bank Chief Economist, Kaushik Basu, said that the ‘damage’ is likely to be much greater than any possible benefits
  • Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar supported the move.
  • The demonetisatioin also got support from Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Nara Chandrababu Naidu.
  • Former Chief Election Commissioner of India  Y. Quraishi said demonetization could lead to long term electoral reforms
  • The decision was both praised and criticised by businessmen, bankers and politicians. Businessmen Anand Mahindra(Mahindra Group), Sajjan Jindal(JSW Group), Kunal Bahl (Snapdeal and FreeCharge) also supported the move adding that it would also accelerate e-commerce.
  • According to MD & CEO, ICICI Bank, Chanda Kochhar, “this move will definitely bring about a whole amount of transition to no cash or low cash kind of transactions,”.
  • “A parallel black economy will collpase,” one of the leading lawyers in taxation laws, Harish Salve told ET Now.
  • Narayana Murthy, founder of the InfosysBSE -1.78 %, welcomed the government’s move in its fight against corruption. Murthy also added that “the dishonest will have to suffer; absolutely that is the right thing.”
  • The opinion of the masses varied both ways on micro-blogs and social media sites like Twitter. In general, the move to demonetise and try to hinder black money was appreciated, but the manner in which it was carried out by causing hardships to common people was criticised.

 Aftermath:

  • About 85% of all currency in circulation has just been turned into coupons that can only be exchanged in specific places. These notes can be converted into currency again only with identity proofs (which hundreds of millions don’t have) and the additional hardship of standing in many queues for many hours.
  • Over half of India’s population doesn’t have any sort of bank account at the moment and about 300 million don’t have basic ID such as Aadhaar either and hence, cannot access the banking system at all. About 130 million Indians have mobile wallets (about 25 million have credit cards) and there are maybe 550-600 million debit cards in circulation. So access to cash is very, very important for average Indians.
  • Lineups at banksand ATMs are long.
  • Demand for goldis up giving some jewelers a temporary albeit welcome windfall. Perhaps most telling is that at Zaveri Bazaar in Mumbai old notes were going at a 60% discount–that is a very heavy discount. Other sources, however, indicate that discounts can be had for as low as 20%. Discounting, however, is illegal and the government is cracking down.
  • Major highway toll junctions on the Gujarat and Delhi-Mumbai highways also saw long queues as toll plaza operators refused the old banknotes.
  • Income Tax departments raided various illegal tax-evasive businesses in Delhi, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Ludhiana and other cities that traded with demonetised currency.
  • The scarcity of cash due to demonetisation has led to chaos and long queues at ATMs and banks across India.
  • The move also crippledNaxalite financing through money laundering. Mumbai Police reported setback to Hawala operations. Hawala dealers in Kerala were also affected
  • Large sum of cash were seized in different parts of the country. Bag of burnt notes was found in Uttar Pradesh following demonetization. In Chhattisgarh cash worth of 44 lakh was seized. In Malda, a large sum of cash deposits in dormant accounts were reported. According to National Investigation Agency the district is transit for fake Indian currencies.
  • According to the RBI directive, citizens are allowed to exchange old banknotes upto a value of 4000 with new 2000 and 500 banknotes and 100 banknotes only once till 24 November 2016. However, there have been reports of people circumventing the restriction by making multiple such transactions at different bank branches.

– Yash H. Doshi

http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/demonetization.asp

http://marginalrevolution.com/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_500_and_1000_rupee_currency_demonetisation

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/

How did Donald Trump win the 2k16 Election?

A populist wave that began with Brexit in June reached the United States of America on 9th November, 2016. In one of the biggest upset in American political history, Donald Trump won a truly historic victory in the U.S. presidential election. Trump’s win stunned most of the political pundits, people across the globe and even Americans. Although he consistently had the highest unfavorable rating of any major party nominee,he managed to get a seat at the Oval office and that naturally raised the question among us that how did Trump win the 2016 election?

So here are a few factors that partially explain his win:-

  •  There really was a silent Trump vote that the polls failed to pick up on. It seems to be equally reasonable to conclude that many Trump voters kept their intention to themselves and refused to cooperate.Trump’s victory demonstrated that the polls simply cannot be trusted and effect of exit poll and pre-poll before election of voters is negligible.
  • Speaking about rural America, they have not seen their fortune improve during the Obama administration. Hillary never talked of those people. Trump did and was the only candidate who did. Utterly abandoning large number of electoral votes did bad as they are the one’s who are going to vote for presidential election and not immigrants.
  • Our Facebook feed was filled with Trump haters and everyone are shocked. Holy shit! How could he win if there is a protest against Trump after election? That’s because they are living in a completely different world than those Trump supporters. It’s easy to criticize Trump’s policy about immigrants without knowing facts. The American media like India always talk about big cities far away from common lower middle class Americans and they are ignored as if they don’t exist. No one speak’s for them, but Trump did.
  • They could drive a truck for $8k a month few years ago but now the illegal immigrants are willing to do it for $3k. The Americans lost their job.
  • They could work in a factory for $5k a month but now the job goes to Chinese and Mexicans.
  • When they are losing their jobs and falling prey to poverty they tend to stay at home and turn on the TV, see Obama and Hillary speaking “The biggest problem we are facing is climate change”.But when they switch to the next channel they see Trump speaking “We need to rebuild our inner cities, we need to bring jobs back” and thus Trump won the heart of this ignored people and that made him win.
  • Another point which helped Trump is that Democrats missed the legacy of Obama. They thought it was the best ever and that was self-explanatory. Apart from his effort to quicken the recovery post financial crisis there was not much positive growth in 8 years. USA completely missed a cycle in 8 years there has not been a roaring growth. The relationship with Russia and China worsened. Racial relation has worsened and so is the shooting of blacks. Education continues to not be fixed. Of course he was not worst but he was not spectacular either. Democrats missed the need to reach out a lot of people, some of whom never recovered from 2008.

On a final note people who voted for Trump were silent majorities. They didn’t care about LGBT, BLM or climate change. They are not racist or homophobia. People rioting against Trump even after he is elected for President need to throw away their arrogance and start to care about those people. They have no other methods to let you hear them. They only have their ballots. That is the power of democracy and that’s why democracy is great as it never ignores anyone.

– Chintan Bavishi

How to start programming (For beginners)

  • Choosing a Language:

1.)First you should know what kind of app or software you want to develop.

2.)Then you should try to find out which language provides you the best features according to your requirement.

3.)If you are totally a beginner and don’t know what programming is then I would suggest you to start with C, C++ or python. (if you struggle with these languages then you should switch to HTML because when you are writing a code of HTML you can see where your code is going. While working with other languages will confuse you at the beginning.)

 

  • Start programming:

1.)First thing you should know the syntax and how your chosen language works.

2.)There is a common thing in almost all the programming language that it always goes step by step from top to bottom and left to right. If you can understand these simple things, then congratulations now you are on the way to become a programmer.

3.)When you start learning a language you can start with coaching classes or you can learn it by yourself by reading book and taking online tutorials. (if you want to learn any language then self-learning is the best thing you can do to be an expert because everything you learn you have to try it first and you learn it by experiencing it.)

4.)Don’t worry when your program crashes. It is really common even with professional programmers.

5.)You should write a code which gives the required output in the least steps. So, that it takes the least time in execution and you should also take care of the memory required for the execution of the program.

6.)Try to use hard-coding for large programs. (Hard-coding means to fix data or parameters in a program in such a way that they cannot be altered without modifying the program. When you are using a value again and again in different parameters, store that value in a variable and use that variable in all the parameters. It will help you in the future when you are trying to modify the program because you have to change the value of a single variable only instead of changing all the parameters which can save your time and also save you from buggy codes.)

 

  • After creating a program:

1.)Best things about the language you will learn is when you find an error or your program crashes. When you are making an actual software you always try to make it user proof and while making it you consider the user of program as dumb, who will always try to give the input which are not supposed to be given and which will crash your program.

2.)So, to avoid the crashing of your program by any user you have to test your program by giving all the possible inputs so in future when users start using it the program doesn’t crash and won’t stop using the program because of frequent crashing.

3.)Try to use that program on different machines because all the machines have their own different structure and your program might not be compatible with all of them.

These are all the things you are required to know when you start programming.

Best of Luck, For your first code.

Happy Coding…

– Pranam Lashkari